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Mapping the Dynamics of Emergent Technologies (MDET)

Project description

The MDET project aims to deepen our understanding of how new technologies emerge. Technologies are developed in distributed epistemic networks that align and misalign to varying degrees. In the case of emergent fields, desirable technological developments are often hindered as a result of this lack of alignment. Hence there is buying real viagra online a role for public policy for supporting the coordination of the networks.

The research combines quantitative methods for analysing social and cognitive networks using publication data, qualitative methods to capture institutional developments and  novel mixed qualitative-quantitative approaches to investigate the visions, values and shared expectations of the researchers.

MDET is a joint project by SPRU (University of Sussex), ASCOR (University of Amsterdam), and IFRIS (University of Paris-Est), funded by the ESRC and the ANR under the Open Research Area call.








Research Team

Michael Hopkins (PI)                       Loet Leydesdorff (Univ. of Amsterdam)                       Paul Nightingale
Ismael Rafols (former PI)                       Tommaso Ciarli
                      Andy Stirling  
                        Daniele Rotolo


Project Outputs

Journal articles

Book chapters

      • Cattani G, Rotolo D (2013) An exploratory study of the role of publishing inventors in nanotechnology. In Understanding the Relationship between Networks and TechnologyCreativity and Innovation Technology, Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Competitive Strategy 13Aharonson B., Stettner U., Amburgey T.L., Ellis S., and Drori I (eds), Emerald.

Conference proceedings

General presentations

      • Rotolo D, Rafols I, Hopkins MM, Leydesdorff L (2013) Scientometric mapping for tentative governance of emerging technologies. Data Science, Tech Mining and Innovation, Manchester (UK), 6 November 2013.
      • Ciarli T, Rafols I (2013) The Trajectory of Rice Seed Technology: Exploring CAB Direct. 3rd Global TechMining Conference Georgia Tech, Atlanta (US), 25 September 2013.
      • Rotolo D, Rafols I, Hopkins MM, Leydesdorff L (2013) Mapping the de facto governance in the case of emerging science and technologies. Atlanta Conference, Atlanta (US), 25-28 September 2013.
      • Rafols I, Ciarli T, Van Zwanenberg P, Stirling A (2012) Towards indicators for opening up S&T policy. The Governance of a Complex World Conference, Nice (France), November 2012.
      • Rotolo D, Hopkins MM, Rafols I (2012) Knowledge dynamics in the emergence of a new technology: A multi-perspective analysis on the case of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) molecular diagnostic tests. EASST/4S Joint Conference, Copenhagen (Denmark), 17-21 September 2012.
      • Leydesdorff L, Rotolo D, Rafols I (2012) Bibliometric perspectives on medical innovation using the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) of PubMed. EASST/4S Joint Conference, Copenhagen (Denmark), 17-21 September 2012.
      • Ciarli T, Rafols I, Rotolo D (2012) The trajectory is on the map, but we miss the pathways. EASST/4S Joint Conference, Copenhagen (Denmark), 17-21 September 2012
      • Hopkins MM (2012) The emergence of TPMT testing (2012). EASST/4S Joint Conference, Copenhagen (Denmark), 17-21 September 2012
      • Cattani G, Rotolo D, Messeni Petruzzelli A (2012) Bridging science and technology: The connecting role of author-inventors. Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Boston (USA), 3-7 August 2012.
      • Hopkins MM (2012) The mapping the cheapest uk viagra emergence of genetic testing technologies. Workshop on personalised medicine at CESaGEN.
      • Ciarli T, Rafols I, Rotolo D (2012) The trajectory is on the map, but we miss the pathways. Frontier Research in Economic and Social History (FRESH) Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa (Italy), 19 April 2012
      • Rafols I, Hopkins MM, Leydesdorff L (2011) Diffusion and network formation of emerging technologies: The case of RNA interference. SNET (Society for the study of Nanoscience and Emergence Technologies) Conference, Phoenix, November 2011.
      • Rafols, I (2011) Opening-up versus closing down using bibliometric tools. University of Tokyo, Innovation Policy Research Center (invited by Yuya Kajikawa), Tokyo (Japan), October 2011.



Materials (only for project members): 




Mapping and assessment of research portfolios

This project (still under negotiation)will aim to canadian pharmacy discount code viagra develop an analytical framework for the mapping and assessment of research portfolios.

The notion of “research portfolio” is increasingly used by funding agencies. However, there is no clear understanding and very little research on how to define, map and assess a research portfolio. Here we aim to develop a multi-method approach to investigate a research portfolio of buy cialis now a given disease. We build on evolutionary perspectives on science dynamics, using concepts and methods from Science Technology Studies, Information Sciences and the Innovation Studies side of Evolutionary Economics.

The work plan is to sequentially investigate three case studies. For each case, we first carry out a scoping study to tentatively delineate the research on a disease. Second, we map the research lines a portfolio comprises, on the basis of publications. Third, we explore the diversity of a portfolio and the complementarities among different research lines under various analytical perspectives. Fourth, we use project databases from funding agencies in order to estimate resources associated with a given research line. Fifth, we interview stakeholders using a multi-criteria analysis tool to assess their valuation of the different research lines. This analysis produces a map of the research portfolio of a given disease, and its assessment under various criteria by stakeholders.

This research is carried out in Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), a Science, Technology and Innovation Research centre in València, coordinated by Ismael Rafols,


NSF Science of Science Policy

In collaboration with Alan Porter at the Georgia Institute of Technology, we are carrying out two projects supported by the National Science Foundation under the tramadol no prescription legal Science for Science and Innovation Policy Programme.

1- Methods for mapping interdisciplinary research (2008-2012, ~$392,000)

This project developed mapping techniques and measures in order to assess the degree of generic cialis and online consultation interdisciplinarity of scientific organisations or emerging research fields.

The most important contribution were to best generic viagra prices devise new measure of interdisciplinarity that take into account the cognitive distance between fields, and to produce freely available global maps of science. The most relevant articles are:

  • Rafols, I., Porter, A.L. and Leydesdorff, L. (2010) Science overlay maps: A new tool for research policy and library management. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 61(9), 871–1887. PDFInteractive MapsOverlay toolkit.
  • Rafols, I. and Meyer, M. (2010) Diversity and Network Coherence as indicators of interdisciplinarity: case studies in bionanoscience. Scientometrics 82(2), 263-287. PDF
  • Porter, A.L. and Rafols, I. (2009) Is Science Becoming more Interdisciplinary? Measuring and soft gel cialis Mapping Six Research Fields over Time. Scientometrics. 81(3), 719-745. PDF, Supplement & Data

2- Revealing Innovation Pathways (2011-2014, , ~$390,000, Award #1064146)

This project aims to develop a methodological framework and associated tools (metrics; maps) to help analyze emerging technologies to help policy makers and R&D managers make decisions regarding innovation pathways. Our goal is to devise tools towards a multi-perspective mapping methodology that capture the various cognitive and social ‘landscape’ of an emergent technology alongside the visions and expectations that drive the emergence. The methodology includes: (i) qualitative investigations of the innovation system. (ii) profile and linking  actors using extensive mapping tools, both classic Tech mining techniques (bibliometrics maps) and exploratory hybrid qual-quant tools (iii) Project and assess innovation pathways, via stakeholders’ workshops.

Note: The findings and observations contained in these papers are those of the authors and do viagra in india not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.