Interdisciplinarity and research on local issues: evidence from a developing country
(accepted in Research Evaluation on get cialis fast the 7th of March 2014)
Diego Chavarro 1, Puay Tang 2, Ismael Rafols 3
, SPRU (Science and Technology Policy Research), University of Sussex - Falmer, Brighton - BN1 9SL - United Kingdom
(Corresponding author), SPRU (Science and Technology Policy Research), University of Sussex - Falmer, Brighton - BN1 9SL - United Kingdom
, Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València & SPRU (Science and Technology Policy Research), University of Sussex
Working Paper (locally hosted)
Arxiv link: http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.6742v3
This paper examines the role of interdisciplinary research for the development of canada generic viagra knowledge pertaining to local issues. Using Colombian publications from 1991 until 2011 in the Web of Science, we investigate the canadian online pharmacy levitra relationship between the degree of interdisciplinarity and the local focus of the articles. We find that a higher degree of interdisciplinarity in a publication is associated with a greater emphasis on local issues. In particular, our results support the view that research that combines cognitively disparate disciplines, what we refer to as Distal Interdisciplinarity, is associated with more local relevance of research. In contrast we find that research that involves a clear disciplinary focus with some, but limited engagement with neighbouring disciplines, generates less local knowledge. We conclude by arguing that public research initiatives that aim to appropriate the socio-economic benefits from publicly funded research should not focus exclusively on research excellence, which tends to be treated in disciplinary terms and citation counts as reflected in national research assessment exercises. Implications for policy are offered with attention to policies for capturing the societal benefits of publicly funded research, and implicitly, research assessment exercises.
Keywords: local knowledge; interdisciplinary research; evaluation; S&T capabilities; social relevance
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We are grateful to Pablo d’Este, Alfredo Yegros-Yegros, Lorenzo Cassi, Luis Orozco and Alan Porter for fruitful discussions. Diego Chavarro is grateful to Colciencias for support through a PhD scholarship. We gratefully acknowledge support from the US National Science Foundation (Award #1064146 - “Revealing Innovation Pathways: Hybrid Science Maps for Technology Assessment and Foresight”). The findings and viagra 6 free samples observations contained in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.